Discover the Top 25 Most Hazardous Airports Around the Globe


Terrorist attacks, turbulent flights, and forgotten passport frights; an airport is a breeding ground for travellers to catch the anxiety bug. A dangerous airport, however, can be determined by a wide variety of factors. This includes:

  • High altitudes – The atmosphere plays a big part in how planes land and take off. If the altitude is high, planes experience an increase in landing speed, extending the plane roll distance during landing.
  • Wind conditions – From crafty crosswinds to troublesome tailwinds, many blowing obstacles can cause a bumpy plane ride. While turbulence is often a natural occurrence during flights, the wind can significantly affect the takeoff and landing of a plane.
  • Runway length – While an adequate range for a runway length lies between 1800–2400 meter, a higher altitude location requires more runway room. The aircraft’s size also plays a role, as a bigger plane needs more space for landing than smaller jets.
  • Runway location – An airport generally needs farther proximity to land obstructions to ensure planes land safely without any external hindrances. There are, however, several airports on this list that do not adhere to these guidelines. From sandy beaches to nearby cities, runway locations can be tricky to master if located in an uncommon territory.
  • Political/social unrest – There are a number of negative impacts a country’s instability can have on its economic and social state, including damage to airports. From air strikes to violent protests, these troubling occurrences could potentially delay flights as a safety measure for tourists and travellers.

Need help determining which airports will most likely give you a rocky start to your travel bucket list journey? Buckle your seats as we look at the most dangerous airports in the world to note when planning an air travel adventure.

1. Kansai International Airport (Japan)

kasai-airport-nightkasai-airport-night
Image by Kansai International Airport on Facebook

While this small strip in a vast sea of blue is lovely to view from above, Kansai International Airport has a variety of environmental factors that can be dangerous. From earthquakes to its close proximity to sea level, this plane hub can experience a lot of delays when natural disasters strike.

In 2018, this airport had to close for ten days due to the flooding caused by Typhoon Jedi. Thousands of travellers and staff were trapped in the airport premises overnight as a rogue ship swept up by the typhoon crashed into the bridge which connects the airport to Osaka.

2. Barra International Airport (Scotland)

barra-airport-planebarra-airport-plane
Image by Barra Airport on Facebook

The planes of this airport take off from the beautiful bays of Barra at Cockle Strand. This airport quite literally takes off and lands right into your Scottish island vacation. However, weather and beach condition reports need to be monitored constantly to ensure planes land safely.

This causes the airport to experience an extensive number of flight cancellations each year, as high winds and a runway covered by seawater are not ideal conditions to land in.

3. Wellington International Airport (New Zealand)

wellington-airport-planewellington-airport-plane
Image by Wellington International Airport on Facebook

With a considerably short runway (between 1828–2012 meter) and terrible wind conditions, landing planes in this airport is a challenging feat. As one of the windiest cities in the world, this New Zealand airfield is not for the faint-hearted fliers due to its turbulence during flights and bumpy landings.

4. Princess Juliana International Airport (Saint Martin)

st-martin-airportst-martin-airport
Image by Princess Juliana International Airport on Facebook

Known as the central place for international flights to land in gorgeous Saint Martin’s sandy splendours, Princess Juliana International Airport is unavoidable when visiting this island. The runway, however, is quite a tight space for planes to land, which leaves little room for error from pilots.

Saint Martin is also situated on the hurricane belt, which led to the extensive damage Hurricane Irma caused on the airport’s roof in 2017.

5. Lukla Airport (Nepal)

lukla-airport-planelukla-airport-plane
Image by Tenzing Hillary Airport on Facebook

Nestled between the mountains of Mount Everest, Lukla Airport is a small building located near the base camp of the world’s highest mountain.

The ultimate airport to land for adventure seekers, Lukla Airport provides an epic appetiser for your Mount Everest trek ahead.

The airport has issued various requirements for pilots in order to land in the vicinity. This includes working in similar high-risk conditions for a year in Nepal and completing 100 short runway takeoff and landing flights. It is generally considered one of the most dangerous airports to land a flight worldwide.

With a short runway to land and a high altitude, you’re in for a treacherous treat at Lukla (also known as Tenzing-Hillary Airport). I have flown into and out of this airport, which is quite thrilling! As you land it is possible to see the mountain ahead of you and very much hope that the brakes have been serviced recently.

6. Paro Airport (Bhutan)

paro-airport-bhutanparo-airport-bhutan
Image by Pema Gyamtsho on Pexels

Be sure to turn your difficulty setting to high, as this unassuming airport only has a few pilots in the world who are qualified and certified to stick the landing at Paro Airport. This is one of the most difficult airports to land into in the world. With no airport surveillance radar for guidance and a swift 45-degree drop before landing the plane on the runway, be sure to thank your pilot after this frightening flight.

Having said that, I have flown in and out of this airport and as a passenger, it is quite amazing to see this valley and the speed with which the pilot must enter and exit the valley area. Also, if you fly into Paro from Delhi, you will experience some amazing views of the Himalayas, including Mt Everest.

7. Santos Dumont Airport (Brazil)

family-airport-planefamily-airport-plane
Image by Cláudio Luiz Castro on Unsplash

This plane gathering space is the second-largest airport in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and is surrounded by bountiful blue waters. While it might be a wonderful sight to fly over, the runway is very short for landing, which makes the probability of landing in these Brazilian bays much larger.

8. Svalbard Airport (Norway)

svalbard-airport-terminalsvalbard-airport-terminal
Image by Svalbard Airport on Facebook

Another frosty fly zone on the world’s most dangerous airport list is the snow-covered Svalbard Airport. It’s also the location of the worst aviation crash in the history of Norway, which killed 141 people in 1996.

9. Gustaf III Airport (Caribbean)

gustaf-airport-airplanegustaf-airport-airplane
Image by Gustaf III Airport on Facebook

With its location on iconic Saint Barthelemy (also known as St. Barts), it’s hard to imagine troubling air travel conditions in an area so idyllic. The runway to land is relatively small (just over 640 meter) and stops just before the turquoise-hued waters this picturesque paradise is known for.

10. Gisborne Airport (New Zealand)

gisborne-plane-runwaygisborne-plane-runway
Image by Gisborne Airport on Facebook

With a railway line going straight across the airstrip, Gisborne Airport has a wonderfully unique experience in store for air travellers. Correct scheduling is necessary to ensure disaster does not strike at this airport, as both parties are operational during the day.

11. Madeira Airport (Portugal)

madeira-portugal-airportmadeira-portugal-airport
Image by Bechir Kaddech on Unsplash

While this airport has the unique feature of having a runway extension on constructed pillars over the Atlantic Ocean, this scary addition is not the main challenge of this airport. With strong winds and no landing system to help guide pilots when landing, commercial and private fliers need to navigate the perimeters manually.

This risky airport has a history of flights unable to see the runway for landing due to factors such as extensive cloud coverage and rainfall. With low visibility and only a small place for planes to land, you’ll have to practise your “brace position” before landing at this airport.

12. Narsarsuaq Airport (Greenland)

narsarsuaq-airport-signnarsarsuaq-airport-sign
Image by Aéroport de Narsarsuaq on Facebook

A top contender for one of the most challenging plane landings to make at an airport, the Narsarsuaq Airport is a beautiful sight to behold in the air. With fantastic fjords to marvel at, you’ll have spectacular scenery to appreciate when ice-covered runways and bone-chilling winds worry you.

13. Gibraltar International Airport (Gibraltar)

girbraltar-airport-runwaygirbraltar-airport-runway
Image by Rita Candeias on Unsplash

An airport that requires traffic flow to halt to ensure a safe plane landing, this Gibraltar airport takes bumper-to-bumper traffic to a whole other level. Turbulent wind conditions and a tendency to abruptly pull the brakes after landing (thanks to the descending sea waters ahead) can also be the cause of a shaky touchdown.

14. San Diego International Airport (California, USA)

san-diego-plane-airportsan-diego-plane-airport
Image by San Diego International Airport on Facebook

As San Diego Airport is in close proximity to the downtown area of the city; plane landings can feel too close for comfort when lowering down over tall buildings. Flights also tend to experience strong winds occasionally, which can cause a challenging ride.

If you’re planning a trip to San Diego, check out my articles on Where to see the sunset in San Diego and best pumpkin patches in San Diego.

15. Toncontín International Airport (Honduras)

honduras-airplanehonduras-airplane
Image by Toncontín International Airport on Facebook

With a location between magnificent mountains and only a tiny runway to land, this Honduran airport can be a harrowing flight for even the most experienced pilots. Timing is everything at this runway, as pilots need to brake immediately when touching the tarmac to ensure the landing roll doesn’t take them into ongoing highway traffic.

16. Aspen/Pitkin County Airport (Colorado, USA)

aspen-airport-planeaspen-airport-plane
Image by Aspen–Pitkin County Airport on Facebook

A snow-capped location known for its stellar ski resorts and stunning natural scenery, the Rocky Mountains airport, however, has its fair share of challenges for planes. From high altitudes to rapid wind change conditions, you’ll be happy to step on the tarmac after a shaky flight.

17. Alejandro Velasco Astete Cusco International Airport (Peru)

cusco air viewcusco air view
Image by Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport on Facebook

Cusco is often associated with the perfect swirl between iconic historical significance and stunning scenery, which is why this travel destination is so popular. This Peruvian gem, however, is experiencing a time of civil unrest and anti-government actions across the country.

Many airports in the country have closed due to an increase in protests in the vicinity of these establishments, including the Cusco airport. It has been stated that the civil protests in close proximity to the airport threatened to take their demonstrations within the airport premises.

With one of the busiest airports in Brazil closed down as a safety measure to protect travellers, this left many stranded within the confines of Cusco. So, while the flights in and out of this captivating city might be a breeze, you’ll need to be aware of the hiccups this country’s political state might make on your trip.

18. Kai Tak Airport (Hong Kong)

kai-tak-planekai-tak-plane
Image by Kai Tak Airport on Facebook

While this airport might have seen its final flight in 1998, this closed-down plane hub in Hong Kong is still worth a mention due to its historically hair-raising landings of the past. Its surrounding terrain consisted mainly of mountainous areas and a vibrant city below.

Incoming flights were seemingly grazing the top of the city buildings and the roads on their path, which made the flights of Kai Tak a close call to destruction each time. This airport was also prone to unfavourable wind patterns for flying and could only be landed manually by pilots.

Note: Legend has it that the flights of Kai Tak Airport flew in such close proximity to the skyscrapers that travellers could peer into the lives of locals through the window.

Fun Fact: Kai Tak Airport was the first airport I ever flew into when I was all of 11 years old! I remember how amazing Hong Kong neon lights appeared from on high.

19. Agatti Aerodrome/Airport (India)

agatti-island-runwayagatti-island-runway
Image by Anuj Chauhan on Unsplash

A small aerospace encapsulated by crystal clear waters and palm tree-dotted beaches, it’s hard to imagine anything terrifying in this slice of seaside heaven.

The small strip of the runway, coming in at around 1219 meter, available on Agatti Island is a tight squeeze for an aircraft to land quickly.

20. Cleveland Hopkins International (Cleveland, USA)

cleveland-airport-runwaycleveland-airport-runway
Image by Jason z on Unsplash

While there might not be any specific terrain difficulties or hazardous weather afflictions, this airport has a history of unsafe conditions for the average air traveller. Its track record of offences says everything. This includes a $735,000 fine in 2015 for failing to adhere tosafety procedures during the snow as well as hazardous runway conditions throughout the years.

21. Telluride Regional Airport (Colorado, USA)

telluride-airport-runwaytelluride-airport-runway
Image by Telluride Regional Airport on Facebook

From dangling cliffs to the skyrocketing elevation of this airport, a Telluride Regional Airport landing can be a scary experience. While landing slap in the awe-inspiring terrain of the San Juan Mountains, you’ll have a stunning view to ponder while you brave the strong turbulent wind conditions of this area.

22. Congonhas-São Paulo Airport (Brazil)

sao-paulo-airplane-airsao-paulo-airplane-air
Image by Lukas Souza on Unsplash

Among the four official commercial airlines in São Paulo, the Congonhas-São Paulo Airport is one of the trickiest in South America for pilots to land. With slippery and wet ground conditions and its proximity to the city with a short runway, this airport has a history of crashes under its belt.

Known as the location of one of the biggest aviary disasters in Brazil’s history, Congonhas-São Paulo Airport has come under fire for negligence in the past. In 2007, over 180 people died on Airbus A320-233 due to the pilot landing beyond the designated airport runway.

As the runway was near a gas station, the crashed plane caught aflame from skidding over the runway from the slippery landing field and crashing into the garage.

23. Don Mueang International Airport (Thailand)

thailand-airport-buildingthailand-airport-building
Image by Don Mueang International Airport on Facebook

Known as one of the oldest airports in the world, Don Mueang International Airport, in many senses, can be categorised as a typical commercial air transport space to land. However, an operational golf course is situated between the two runways at the airport, which could certainly add a sense of danger to any golfer’s experience.

Flooding has also been a problem in the past on the runway of Don Mueang International Airport. In 2011, the rise of floodwaters prevented domestic flights from taking off and landing as water made its way to various runways.

24. Tioman Island Airport (Malaysia)

thoiman-island- most dangerous airports in the worldthoiman-island- most dangerous airports in the world
Image by Sofian Hamidy Hashim on Facebook

If you’re looking to heat up your vacation to the next level, this tropical Malaysian space is a volcanic island with idyllic beaches to frolic on. While its sublime surroundings ooze a sense of worry-free living, a flight to this lush space might be slightly different.

The pilots making this trip need to head directly to the surrounding mountains and make a sharp 90-degree turn to ensure they stay on course and land safely on the runway.

25. Shimla Airport (India)

shimla-airport-frontshimla-airport-front
 Image by Shimla Airport on Facebook

This gathering spot for commercial airline planes is located in Jubbarhatti in the Shimla region and has a runway that will send chills down your spine once your eyes land upon it. The tarmac for planes is not only located between tremendous mountains, but the runway itself is a steep stretch of land that offers a crash into the surrounding rocky peaks if missed.

IMG 2300 scaledIMG 2300 scaled

Amanda O’Brien is the creator and editor of The Boutique Adventurer. She has visited 80 countries and is a member of the British Guild of Travel Writers as well as the IFTWTA. She is passionate about wine had has just completed Level 3 of the WSET. Born in Australia, she lives in London.